Older people lose muscle mass, so the remaining muscle may become too stressed more easily. Dehydration. Muscle cramps are also common during pregnancy, medical conditions. There are many other causes of muscle cramps, such as pregnancy, poor circulation, the side effects of certain medications and chronic liver disease or complications caused by certain medications may also be to blame.
It's always worth seeing a doctor if you think your muscle cramps may be related to these conditions, as they'll be able to diagnose the problem and treat the underlying cause. Cramps caused by muscle fatigue tend to be caused by intense exercise. It is a natural consequence of muscle fatigue and is to be expected from time to time if you engage in frequent physical activity. Muscle cramps caused by dehydration tend to be much more common than cramps caused by muscle fatigue.
They can also occur in the absence of physical exercise and can affect muscles that you haven't used recently. Chronic dehydration can occur when the body is forced to function without water for an extended period of time. This condition, while much rarer than normal dehydration, can cause frequent and sustained muscle cramps. Cramps caused by an electrolyte imbalance tend to become widespread and can occur at any time.
They may be more common after exercise because you will have lost additional electrolytes as a result of sweating, but they can also occur at night or when you wake up. An electrolyte imbalance can be caused by several different things. Profuse sweating can cause a temporary electrolyte deficit, making exercise or exposure to heat relatively frequent (. Long-term vomiting, diarrhea, and certain medications can also cause a short-term electrolyte imbalance.
Long-term electrolyte imbalance can result from a serious medical condition, such as kidney failure, or certain medications can also cause muscle cramps. These medications, which include common prescription drugs, such as statins, drugs with a diuretic effect, or drugs designed to alter blood pressure, tend to interfere with the body's electrolyte balance. The best way to prevent muscle cramps is to address any possible underlying cause, such as identifying dehydration or the possibility of an electrolyte imbalance. Stretching before exercising can help prevent cramps caused by muscle fatigue.
Hydration is key to helping ensure that the body can maintain its electrolyte balance and, therefore, protect nerves from damage. If you think you might have a chronic electrolyte imbalance as a result of your diet, you should see a doctor right away. They will be able to check the mineral balance in your system and help you safely correct the problem. Your doctor can also test you for some conditions that can cause an electrolyte imbalance, such as kidney disease.
Updates on COVID-19 (including visitor restrictions and mask requirements), monkeypox. Search for more than 2,500 Scripps doctors in dozens of specialties. Check doctors' availability and book appointments online. Dehydration is a classic cause of cramps.
Hot weather and exercise further deplete your body's water as you sweat to stay cool. The most common causes are benign idiopathic leg cramps and muscle cramps associated with exercise. Some cramps are the result of overuse of muscles. This usually happens while you're exercising.
The easiest way to prevent muscle cramps is to avoid or limit exercises that tighten muscles and cause cramps. When the nerves that run from the brain and spinal cord to the muscle are overexcited, the muscle may respond with cramps. Tetany can cause muscle spasm, but the spasm is usually longer (often with brief repetitive muscle contractions); it is usually bilateral and diffuse, but isolated carpal spasm can occur. This prevents muscles from breathing efficiently and triggers the buildup of lactic acid, which is known to cause muscle cramps.
You can apply a cold or warm compress to sore muscles at the first sign of a spasm to ease the pain of muscle cramps. Cramps must be differentiated from claudication Symptoms and signs and dystonias Dystonias Dystonias are sustained involuntary muscle contractions of antagonistic muscle groups in the same part of the body, which cause sustained abnormal posture or spasms spasms intermittent, twisted and intermittent spasms that. There is no pill or injection that instantly relieves muscle spasms, so the best thing you can do is stretch the affected muscle and massage it. Muscle ischemia during exertion in patients with peripheral artery disease (claudication) can cause calf pain, but this pain is due to inadequate blood flow to the muscles and the muscles do not contract like a cramp.
A muscle cramp is a sudden, brief, involuntary, and painful contraction of a muscle or group of muscles. As such, it should always be possible to alleviate the short-term symptoms of a muscle cramp by helping the muscle to relax. This overexcites the nerves inside the muscles and stops inhibitory responses that are designed to prevent sudden changes in muscle tension, triggering a sudden contraction or cramp. Also known as muscle cramps, spasms occur when the muscle involuntarily and forcibly contracts uncontrollably and cannot relax.
Read more It can cause muscle spasms, but the symptoms are usually more sustained and recurrent and involve muscles other than those affected by typical leg cramps (for example, the neck, hands, face, or muscles throughout the body). You've probably experienced a muscle spasm or cramp, that sharp, stabbing pain in a muscle that wakes you up from a deep sleep or causes you to stumble while running. Dystonias Dystonias Dystonias are sustained involuntary muscle contractions of antagonistic muscle groups in the same part of the body, which cause sustained abnormal posture or spasms spasms, spasms, twisted and intermittent spasms that. Symptoms that may be related to neurological or muscle disorders may include muscle stiffness, weakness, pain and loss of sensation.